The Middle East is a transcontinental region in western Asia and northeast Africa that includes the nations on the Arabian Peninsula, Egypt, Iran, Iraq, Israel, Jordan, Lebanon, Syria, and Turkey. The area comprises of mountains, deserts, fertile plains irrigated by grand rivers, and seacoasts. In terms of climate, the Middle East ranges from the temperate Mediterranean coast, to the extreme heat of the arid desert areas, to snowy mountains. It is known for its vast oil reserves and as the home of three major world religions: Christianity, Islam, and Judaism. The most common languages spoken in the Middle East include Arabic, Persian, Turkish, Berber, and Kurdish. Dubai in the United Arab Emirates has the tallest building in the world, the Burj Khalifa, measuring 2,717 feet (828m) tall, more than twice as tall as the Empire State Building which is 1,250 feet (381m) tall.